Fats, friends or foes ?
Recently, there are many assumption that fat or oil related with fatness, hearth sickness, hypertention, and high cholesterol causes. Opinion that fat cause health sickness is partly true. But, we need to consider that fat is also needed to our health. Fat provides energy to our body much more than carbohydrate and protein. Besides fat function is as vitamin A, D, E, and K transporter. Fat needed to be bewared of but not to be afraid of.
To straighten fact or myth about fat, it is better we realized first the various of fat that we eat everyday. There is fat called trans fat. Indirectly, trans fat is what we consume usually, that is when we eat cookies, margarine, fast food, etc. Besides that, there are fat called as saturated fat and unsaturated fat. Saturate fat is a fat, generally, at animal protein. Unsaturated fat contained at some cooking oil products and fish. Fat like omega 3, omega 6, and omega 9 is unsaturated fat which during the time have been very popular and have many benefits for health.
However, fat cannot be decided as friend or foe. As prominent nutrient that human needed, fat must be in everyday menu. But, we still must beware of it because over consumption fat will also caused health problem, such as heart sickness, high cholesterol, and fatness.
Danger of Trans Fat for Health
Till now, we have recognized some food types source of fat, for example cooking oil, margarine, and butter. Fat, as does carbohydrate or protein, hardly required by body as source of energy and vitamin solvent.
At 2001—2002, total consumption of fat or oil in the world is 92 million metric of ton. Around 29 million metric of ton among comes from soybean oil and 25,4 million metric of ton from palm oil.Both types of the oil are having strength and weakness. Soybean oil contains low saturate fat as source of trans fat.
Meanwhile, palm oil which doesn’t contain trans fat, instead contains relative high saturate fat. Eat pattern with high saturate fat can bother heart health. Some people consider that saturated fat from animal protein is riskier than saturated fat from palm oil or coconut.
Now, based on recent discovery, trans fat bewared of as one of heart sickness cause. Trans fat issue is still controversy. Trans Fat obtained from partial hydrogenation process of cooking oil which its we know as margarine. Partial hydrogenation is useful for increasing oxidation stability. That makes product not easy causing rancid aroma through oxidation process. Naturally, trans fat also created in mammals gastric, for example cow. So, products like butter or milk contains trans fat about 2—5%.
People say and even well-known specialists Indonesian margarine which made from palm oil doesn’t pass partial hydrogenation process so that doesn’t create trans fat. Indonesian margarine created from emulsion processing and blending (mixture) oil. If margarine made from soybean oil, usually, the process is through partial hydrogenation.Trans Fat found at some food products, such as biscuit with cream filling, multifarious of snack which is delicous or crackers ( usually, at composition is contains shortening), and french fries.
Trans fat can make food texture become soft in mouth or easy to melt, crispy, delicous and delicate. Generally, children likes this foods.
Characteristic of trans fat at food stuff cannot be detected with sense. We can only recognize it through the name (camouflage name) in composition, such as partially hydrogenated vegetables oil, shortening, and hydrogenated fat.
Trans Fat assumed to be riskier than saturate fats. Trans fat has important role in increasing blood cholesterol progressively. Trans fat is often associated with heart sickness or high cholesterol advent.
Starts January 2006, FDA (Food and Drug Administration) in America has obliged inclusion of trans fat content in packaging food product. According to them, trans fat content in food product need to be considered as part of information which must be submitted to consumer through packaging lable.
Families must comprehend trans fat and its influence for health. Thereby, they will more careful in choosing food product for children.